Berry and seed maturation
Ginseng plants can develop berries as early as June (though this is highly unusual!). Berries are not typically fully ripened until late August or early September. The timing of berry ripening varies, but there are no consistent broad geographic patterns that would require differing harvest seasons among states (McGraw et al. 2005). A ginseng berry may contain between contain 1 or 2 seeds (uncommonly 3), Seeds from unripe ginseng berries (green in color) are less likely to germinate compared to seeds from fully ripened berries (deep red in color).